REPRESIVE STATE APPARATUSES AND IDEOLOGICAL STATE APPARATUSES IN “1984” WITH THE VIEW POINT OF MARXISM

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Tuğçe Özcan

Abstract

Karl Marx, a German philosopher, Friedrich Engels, a German sociologist, were the joint founders of the school of thoughts. They themselves called their economic theories ‘’Communism’’ rather than Marxism, designating their belief in the state ownership. Marx and Engels announced the advent of Communism in their jointly – written Communist Manifesto of 1848. Communism is a social, political and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and state.  Socialism is a variety of social and economic systems characterized by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production. Capitalism is an economic system based on private ownership of the means of production and the pursuit of profits by private owners through the creation of goods and services.

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How to Cite
[1]
Özcan, T. 2019. REPRESIVE STATE APPARATUSES AND IDEOLOGICAL STATE APPARATUSES IN “1984” WITH THE VIEW POINT OF MARXISM. Journal of English Language and Literature Club. 1, 1 (Jan. 2019), 133-138.
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References

Barry, P. (1995, 2002) Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory, Manchester University Press.